Ottoman Algeria was a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire. It lasted a few centuries until the French conquered them in 1830.
The Nullification Crisis was an event during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. Tariffs enacted after the War of 1812 were unpopular in the South and South Carolina felt betrayed by Jackson who didn’t change them. They attempted to make the tariffs null and void until both sides compromised.
The word toga comes from the Latin word tegere meaning “to cover.”
All chromosomes that aren’t sex chromosomes are called autosomes.