Hungarian is the largest Uralic language in the world and the most widely spoken language in Europe that isn’t Indo-European. Finnish is also a Uralic language.
Unlike most cities, the founding of Budapest, Hungary was really a merger of two towns. One called Buda and one called Pest.
In Budapest, Hungary there is a statue of Peter Falk’s TV character Columbo. Peter Falk had some Hungarian ancestry on his maternal side.
Like World War I, Hungary was allied with Germany during World War II. Its ruling party was the Arrow Cross Party which adopted the racist polices of Nazism and right-wing ideology of Italian fascism. The ruling politicians were replaced (most were executed or imprisoned) by Soviet puppets after the end of the war.
In 1699, the Ottoman Empire was at war with most countries in central and Eastern Europe not allied with them. The Ottomans were defeated, and the Empire saw its first large amounts of lands lost, mostly in Hungary and Poland.