Alfonso XIII of Spain worked charitably with the European War Office during World War I earning praise and a nomination to the Nobel Peace Prize but he ultimately lost to the Red Cross.
Miguel de Cervantes was most famous as the author of the novel Don Quixote. He fought honorably for Spain but ended up captured and lived as a slave for five years until he got his freedom.
After the death of right wing dictator Francisco Franco, he wanted Juan Carlos to continue his legacy but as King of Spain. Juan Carlos did become king but he let democracy exist.
Ferdinand VII was King of Spain and one of the worst in its history. Under him, Spain lost most of its American possessions and Spain entered a civil war.
The phrase mano a mano is Spanish for “hand to hand.”