In 1378, the Catholic church saw a great divide that lasted until 1417. Instead of a debate over the Bible or God in general, the split was more based on power. For a number of years, the Pope lived in Avignon, France. When the next Pope moved back to Rome, there was a huge worry about whether the next pope should be French or Italian. Instead they had two men claiming to be Pope (one Italian and the other French) and roughly half of Europe backing one pope versus the other.